Establishment

Thang-Ta is an indigenous martial art of Manipur, a small state in the north-eastern part of India. it is also traditionally known as Huyel Langlon, Huyel means war Langlon means Knowledge of Art. it imparts physical, moral and spiritual education besides giving bodily exercise and training in the form of martial arts that aims at implanting habits which will be beneficial through life and useful both individual as well as the nation. Thang-Ta covers the integral part of Thang (sword), Ta (spear), Sharit-Sharak (defensive and Offensive techniques of fighting with or without weapons), Sajan Kanglon (physical exercise), Thengouron (spiritual arts), Ningsha kanglon (breathing exercise), layeng kanglon (natural medical education), Hirikonba (meditation), and other vital arts of warfare. it was a compulsory subject in the military training while Manipur was a princely state. Thang-Ta competition and games were conducted before the king of Manipur. in short, each and every Manipuri had to learn Thang-Ta. Now, the Thang-Ta martial art has become so popular that it has been played not only in India but in many countries also. The Govt. of Manipur as well the Govt. of India are trying their best to promote this indigenous martial arts of Manipur. Their enthusiasm and encouragement are evident in their awarding National Fellow, National Award, Padamashree Award to the prominent Gurus of Thang-Ta and Scholarship to the young learners of Thang-Ta every year. The long and incessant power struggle among her clans and frequent wars with other neighboring Kingdoms brought Manipur almost to the brink of devastation. But the cherished desire of the people to remain independent in the face of all odds gave the Manipuriís a thrust in the development of their glorious martial art tradition. The Manipuri Thang-Ta, replete with unique forms of defensive and offensive fight, naturally evolved against this warlike background of the ancient kingdom. The Meitheiís not only attained higher skills in Thang-Ta but also developed their games and sports like Sagol Kangjei (polo), Mukna (Manipuri Wrestling), Khong Kangjei (Manipuri style of Hockey), and Yubilakpi (Rugby) etc. These were also organized in a warlike manner to keep every person fit for any eventuality.


SARIT-SARAK (UNARMED COMBAT):
The Manipur is not only developed in the use of weapon system but also they had developed a special technique of unarmed combat known as "SARIT-SARAK". Every swordsman has to perfect this art of Thang-Ta by mastering this specific form of unarmed combat. The singular character of this native art form in an unarmed combat is ever so unique that the evasive and offensive moves could be effective against any form of attack with or without weapon.

MUKNA (MANIPURI WRESTLING):
It is an indigenous style of wrestling which has been in vogue since the existence of the Manipuri Society. In Mukna, two male partner by holding the loincloths tried to throw and hold down the opponent. There are specific rules, costumes and techniques of Mukna. Some of the main techniques are Ningong (Hip throw) left and right, Longkhrou (Specific throw by twisting the opponent's calf) left and right, Khudong (throwing the opponent by raising him high), Khu-Theibi, Chepching, Kamlak Kotpi, Heibong Kabi, Ngakthi Chappa, Suptek, Chaokot, etc. Each of the above mentioned Laws (Techniques) have also their defensive counter Laws/Techniques.

PHUNABA CHANGDAMNABA (TEST OF FIGHTING):
In practicing Yanna Thang (Actual fight system) we used a kind of weapon generally known as "Cheibee" (Phunachei), a canestick covered with leather for striking the opponent and "Chungoi" (Buckler) for defending oneself. Usually the right hand holds "Phunachei" (Cheibee) and left hand,"Chungoi". Thang-Ta trainees fight with this weapon in the arena of fighting. This type of fighting is organised in the District level, State level, National level and international level competitions.

During the competition the Thang-Ta players used a weapon called "Phunachei" another name "Cheibee" made of cane stick covered with soft leather and Chungoi (Shield) made of leather for defending. Actually Phunachei/ Cheibee is used instead of sword to compete within the Arena and not to have the fearful idea to the young learners. In the ancient time Thang-Ta practitioners used this type of weapon in fighting to examine the real swordsman.

There shall be two major catagories of events in this Game. They are :
1. Phunaba (Combat)
2. Kanglon Chatpa (Individual performance)
There are two types of events of 1. Phunaba. They are : (i) Phunaba Ahanba (combat using phunachei / cheibee with chungoi).
(ii) Phunaba Anishuba (combat using only phunachei / cheibee with kicking).

There are five types of events of 2. Kanglon Chatpa. They are :
(i) Thang-Haiba (an individual performance with double decorative sword).
(ii) Thanglon (an individual performance with single sword).
iii) Khonglon-Khutlon (an indivudual performance of free hand).
(iv) Cheishang-Cheirol (an individual performance with single long stick).
(v) Taron (an individual performance of spear movement). There are some photos of the competition :

Many Thang-Ta Competitions were conducted at the different states of India every year. The type of events are showing hereunder with photo poses :

I. PHUNABA
(i) PHUNABA AHANBA:
Dress : Black dress
Belt :
Guard : Chest guard
Head guard
Groin guard Weapon : Phunachei (Sports weapon)and Chungoi (shield)
In this event both players will compete in the arena under the rule of Thang-Ta Game.
In this event kicking is not allowed.
img src="images\Establishment\2.png">

(ii) PHUNABA ANISHUBA:
Dress: Black dress
Belt :
Guard : Chest guard
Head guard
Groin guard Weapon : Phunachei (Sports weapon)
In this event both players will compete each other under the rule of the Thang-Ta Game. In this event kicking is allowed and Players will not use Chungoi (shield).



2. KANGLON CHATPA
(i) THANG-HAIBA:
Dress: Black Dress
Weapon : Double decorative sword
This event is the individual performance with Leiteng Thang (Decorative Sword).



(II) THANGLON:

Dress: Black Dress
Weapon : Single decorative sword This event is the individual performance with a single sword.


(iii) KHONGLON-KHUTLON:
Dress: Black Dress
Weapon : (Unarmed) Free hand
This event is the individual performance


(iv) CHEISHANG-CHEIROL:
Dress: Black Dress
Weapon : Either Canestick or Bamboo
This event is the individual performance with a Canestick or Bamboo.


(v) TARON
Dress: Black Dress
Weapon : Ta (Spear)
This event is the individual performance with Ta (Spear).